Nadasurabhi Cultural Association located in Koramangala, Bangalore is in the forefront of promoting Classical Carnatic Music. Nadasurabhi conducts the highest quality music concerts every month and a week-long Annual Festival in November, free of charge to all rasikas. Our other events include a youth festival, Thyagaraja and Purandaradasa Aradhana, and music competitions for children.

A study and analysis on the development in Styles of playing veena - past, present and future

Written by Vidushi Y.G.Parimala

The article was published in the Nadasurabhi Souvenir - November 2019.

Veena is a very ancient South Indian Carnatic musical instrument.  Veena is a generic Sanskrit word - ‘Vanyathe iti veena’- a plucked string instrument or thathavadya or chordophone. Its origins are found in Rigveda and Atharva Veda where a string instrument called  ‘Vana’ is mentioned which is said to have evolved into ‘Veena’.  The human body is compared to veena.  Sage Narada is said to have played a Veena called Mahathi.  Goddess Saraswathi who plays the veena ‘Kachchapi’ is worshipped as the mother of this instrument. Ancient scriptures including Bharatha’s  Natya shastra describe several types of veena – Rudra Veena, Saraswathi Veena, Vichitra Veena, Chitra Veena, Sitar, Pinaki Veena, Eka-Tantri, dwi-Tantri, shathatantri-veena.  Ravana is supposed to be an expert on veena. Veena played in the present day is the ‘Saraswathi veena’. 

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Mudduswami Dikshitar and dance

Written by Sri.Naresh Keerthi.

The article was published in the Nadasurabhi Annual Souvenir - 2013.

Recently (September 2013), the Hindu carried an article about a festival that had Bharatanatyam dancers performing compositions of (Mudduswami) Dikshitar. In the past too, we have witnessed memorable dance performances that used Kritis of Dikshitar – Kanjadalayataksi in (Kamala)Manohari. It has been choreographed by many masters including the late lamented Vempati Chinna Satyam, as is the grand Kedaram song Ananda-natana-prakasham, for which the redoubtable Adyar Lakshman has composed jati passages inspired by the mallari performed by Nagaswaram artistes. This kriti is particularly suited for dance since it comes appended with a chittaswaram that intersperses solkattu syllables with the solfa (swara) passages.

Does Mudduswami Dikshitar’s relationship with dance end with this – A few performers using his songs in their dance repertoire? Surely not. Let us examine his association with dance more closely.

 

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Important Treatises on Carnatic Music

Written by Harini Raghavan

Tracing the origin of music is not an easy task. Great minds have delved deep into the past to take a glimpse of the primitive music, but failed to obtain any authentic facts. Indian music however traces its origin to 'Samaveda'.  Geniuses have constantly worked on this field of knowledge trying to synthesize philosophy, psychology and aesthetics and blend it with music. The oral tradition had its drawback in the transmission of knowledge and caused confusion. Hence there was an urgent need for the script.  Celebrated writers like Narada, Panini and Yagnyavalkya have developed music as an art through their writings. Even though part of the history of ancient music is legend, our scholars with their knowledge- hungry-souls have worked hard enough to come with major developments in the field. Naradiya Siksha, Paniniya Siksha and Yagnyavalkya Samhita were the only authentic source material for ancient music.  While the 1st was lost and only references could be found in the later classics on music, the other two were not treatises on music but, yet landmarks in the evolution of music during past centuries could be spotted in these books.

 

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